Buy Baggage Cheaper in Traveloka Or Direct To Airlines?

Comparing Extra Baggage Price between Traveloka VS Scoot

Traveloka Extra Baggage PriceScoot Extra Baggage Price
40 kg – Rp. 2,020,594.0040 kg – Rp. 1,158,069.00

Baggage Allowance That Suits Your Needs No more rearranging your stuff at the airport to avoid additional baggage charges. Whether you are in the middle of booking your flight or already have an e-ticket, you can now select your preferred baggage allowance at Traveloka. So get that travel checklist out and make sure to pack everything you need.

When traveling far for a long period of time, it’s likely that we carry more baggage. We may even end up with more suitcases upon our return, thanks to all the souvenirs we bought for our friends and family. It is no wonder to find our baggage exceeding the limit allowed by the airline.

Airlines usually provide a free baggage allowance for each passenger. However, the amount can be different for each airline. Some may give a free allowance only for cabin baggage, some may give a free allowance for checked baggage. The free checked baggage allowance itself can differ between airlines, ranging from 15 – 35 kilograms per passenger, depending on the type of airline and the flight route.

However, since passengers often need an extra baggage allowance, many popular airlines offers Extra Baggage Allowances to their passengers. This is to prevent the high additional charge due to excess baggage. This extra baggage allowance is offered in packages, so passengers can buy it at a more affordable price compared to paying the excess baggage load per kilogram.

AirAsia baggage service, for example, offers packages of 15, 20, 25, 30, and 40 kilograms of Extra Baggage Allowance. The AirAsia Extra Baggage Allowance is available for their domestic and international flights, with varied prices depending on the route, schedule, and travel period.

Passengers can buy Extra Baggage Allowances prior to flying from the airline’s website or application, or from online ticket booking services such as Traveloka. Extra Baggage can be purchased up to 12 hours before departure except for VNA, up to 24 hours, or at the same time during flight ticket bookings, depending on the policies of each airline. However, at Traveloka, passengers can buy the necessary baggage allowances together with their flight tickets.

So if you can anticipate that your baggage would exceed the free baggage allowance provided by the airline, buying an Extra Baggage Allowance as early as possible is always a good idea. This is also important to avoid inconveniences during your check-in process only because you have to pay an extra charge for your excess baggage.

By buying an Extra Baggage Allowance before your flight, you will be able to proceed through check-in smoothly. In addition, you will also feel comfortable throughout your flight even with a lot of baggage in tow.

When you married me, you married a man and you married a curse

I regret marrying you, Lizzie. Cause I’ve put you through so much. I’ve put you through all of this. Ruby. Everything that is to come. When you married me, you married a man and you married a curse. You have shared my fate. That is my regret. But know this, Lizzie. In this moment, in this room… I love you.

Thomas Michael Shelby OBE DSM MM MP

TI2022 Talent Autographs Chatwheel – Dota 2

Talent Stickers and Voice Lines

An update which added a capsule containing Talent Stickers that unlocked talent voice lines. Upon doing so, fans and talent alike reached out expressing unhappiness with the product. Our intention was to create a compelling system that allowed fans to connect with their favorite talent in a different way than in previous years, and we fell short of that goal. We are sorry for that and we intend to correct it.

In order to address these issues, and after talking to some of the talent that reached out with concerns and proposals, we are adding the option to directly purchase a talent’s voice line with 50% of the revenue going exclusively to that talent. Players can purchase these voice lines directly from the Talent page in the Battle Pass.

For players that have already purchased and opened talent sticker capsules, those stickers will continue to function as before. As with voice lines unlocked via stickers, directly purchased voice lines are also usable permanently.

Link Download TI11 – TI2022 Talent Autographs Chatwheel

TI2022 English Talent Autographs Chat Wheel | Download The Voice | Dota 2 Battle Pass 2022
TI2022 Chinese Talent Autographs Chat Wheel | Download The Voice | Dota 2 Battle Pass 2022
TI2022 Russian Talent Autographs Chat Wheel | Download The Voice | Dota 2 Battle Pass 2022
TI2022 Spanish Talent Autographs Chat Wheel | Download The Voice | Dota 2 Battle Pass 2022
TI2022 Portuguese Talent Autographs Chat Wheel | Download The Voice | Dota 2 Battle Pass 2022

Ganti Nama Password Wifi MNC Play

Penyebab Lampu LOS Berkedip Merah

  • Kesalahan konfigurasi jaringan pada modem
  • Terjadi kerusakan pada kabel 
  • Adanya perbaikan dari provider

Cara Mengatasi LOS Pada WIFI MNC Play Lampu Berkedip Merah

  • #1 Restart Modem
  • #2 Cabut kabel sekitar 10-15 menit
  • Menghubungi Teknisi 

Jika restart modem berhasil, Anda dapat mengakses modem di dengan username: root dan password: admin

Untuk mengganti nama WIFI dan password router MNC Play, dapat melihat gambar berikut:

Whatsapp Interactive 24 jam:
Call Center: 1500121 / 08111014121
MNC Play Customer Service Instagram 24 Jam

Best DNS Servers List

Google Public DNS8.8.8.8
Quad9 (Malware Blocking Enabled)
Comodo Secure DNS8.26.56.26

What is DNS propagation?

DNS propagation is the time DNS changes take to be updated across the internet on the globe. It can take up to 72 hours to propagate worldwide. You can check your DNS propagation results from here.

What is DNS resolution?

DNS resolution translates the domain name into the site’s IP address. You need a site’s IP address to know where it’s on the internet. A website could have IPv4 or IPv6 addresses or both. Where the IPv4 address comes in the form of an A record and the IPv6 address comes in an AAAA record.

How do DNS records propagate?

When you update your DNS records, it may take up to 72 hours for the changes to take effect. During this period, the ISPs worldwide update their DNS cache with new DNS information for your domain.

However, due to different DNS cache level, after DNS records changes, some of the visitors might be redirected to the old DNS server, for some time, and other can see the website from new DNS server, shortly after the changes. You can perform the A, AAAA, CNAME, and additional DNS records lookup.

Why DNS propagation takes time?

Suppose you changed your domain’s nameservers, and you requested to open your domain on the web browser. Your request will not go to the hosting directly.

Each of the ISP nodes first checks its DNS cache, whether it has the DNS information for that domain. If it is not there, it will look it up to save it for future use to speed up the DNA lookup process.

Thus, the new nameservers will not propagate instantly – ISPs have different cache refreshing levels, so some will still have the old DNS information in their cache.

But if after that time interval, still, your new DNS changes are not reflecting, then you go for a DNS health check to ensure that your DNS changes are up to the mark and are following the standards.

How does the DNS process work?

Suppose you request to open the URL in your web browser’s bar.

  1. The web browser first checks in its local cache whether it has the requested domain’s IP address. If it’s not present, then it will send the request to the Name Resolving Server.
  2. The Name Resolving Server checks its cache against that request. If it fails to find the requested domain’s IP address, it will send that request to the Root Server.
  3. The Root Server only contains the server’s IP address with TLD (Top Level Domain) related information. It will redirect the Name Resolving Server to the TLD server containing .com information.
  4. The TLD server provides the server’s IP address (authoritative servers for requested URL to the Name Resolving Server.
  5. The Name Resolving Server caches that information for a specific period (TTL) and passes that information to the requested’s computer.
  6. The client’s computer builds the connection with the authoritative server (containing the requested URL for the requested content and caches the IP address’s information in its browser for further use.

Why is DNS not propagating?

The ISPs across the world have a different caching level. The DNS client or the server may cache the information the DNS records in its DNS cache. That information is temporarily cached, and DNS servers will go for the updated DNS information when TTL (Time to Live) expires.

What will happen if the domain name does not exist?

The DNS server will return a name error, also known as an NXDomain response (for non-existent domain), to symbolize that the query’s domain name does not exist.

What is the port used by DNS?

DNS uses both TCP and UDP port 53. However, the most frequently used port for DNS is UDP 53. That is used when the client’s computer communicates with the DNS server for resolving the specific domain name. Be sure, when using the UDP 53 for DNS, the maximum size of the query packet is 512 bytes.

TCP 53 is used primarily for Zone Transfers and when the query packet exceeds 512 bytes. That is true when DNSSEC is used, which adds extra overhead to the DNS query packet.

What is DNS failure?

DNS failure means that the DNS server cannot convert the domain name into an IP address in a TCP/IP network. That failure may occur within the company’s private network or the internet.

Why pages aren’t Indexed on SEO Search Console Google

Google Search Console Errors List

If Google’s crawler, Googlebot, encounters an issue when it tries to crawl your site and doesn’t understand a page on your website, it’s going to give up and move on. This means your page will not be indexed and will not be visible to searchers, which greatly affects your search performance.

Here are some of those errors:

  • Server Error (5xx)
  • Redirect Error
  • Blocked by robots.txt
  • Marked ‘noindex’
  • Soft 404
  • Unauthorized request (401)
  • Not Found (404)
  • Crawl Issue

Crawled – currently not indexed:

The page was crawled by Google, but not indexed. It may or may not be indexed in the future; no need to resubmit this URL for crawling.

If you see this, take a good hard look at your content. Does it answer the searcher’s query? Is the content accurate? Are you offering a good experience for your users? Are you linking to reputable sources? Is anyone else linking to it?

Make sure to provide a detailed framework of all the page content that needs to be indexed through the use of structured data. This allows search engines to not only index your content but for it to come up in future queries and possible featured snippets.

Optimizing the page may increase the chances that Google chooses to index it the next time it is crawled.

Discovered – currently not indexed:

The page was found by Google, but not crawled yet.

Even though Google discovered the URL it did not feel it was important enough to spend time crawling. If you want this page to receive organic search traffic, consider linking to it more from within your own website. Be sure to promote this content to others with the hope that you can earn backlinks from external websites. External links to your content is a signal to Google that a page is valuable and considered to be trustworthy, which increases the odds of it being indexed.

Alternate page with proper canonical tag:

This page is a duplicate of a page that Google recognizes as canonical, and it correctly points to that canonical page, so nothing for you to do here!

Just as the tool says, there’s really nothing to do here. If it bothers you that the same page is accessible through more than one URL, see if there is a way to consolidate.

Duplicate without user-selected canonical::

This page has duplicates, none of which is marked canonical. We think this page is not the canonical one. You should explicitly mark the canonical for this page.

Google is guessing which page you want them to index. Don’t make it guess. You can explicitly tell Google which version of a page should be indexed using a canonical tag.

Duplicate non-HTML page:

A non-HTML page (for example, a PDF file) is a duplicate of another page that Google has marked as canonical.

Google discovered a PDF on your site that contained the same information as a normal HTML page, so they chose to only index the HTML version. Generally, this is what you want to happen, so no action should be necessary unless for some reason you prefer they use the PDF version instead.

Duplicate, Google chose different canonical than user:

This URL is marked as canonical for a set of pages, but Google thinks another URL makes a better canonical.

Google disagrees with you on which version of a page they should be indexing. The best thing you can do is make sure that you have canonical tags on all duplicate pages, that those canonicals are consistent, and that you’re only linking to your canonical internally. Try to avoid sending mixed signals.

We’ve seen this happen when a website specifies one version of a page as the canonical, but then redirects the user to a different version. Since Google cannot access the version you have specified, it assumes perhaps that you’ve made an error, and overrides your directive.

Soft 404:

The page request returns what we think is a soft 404 response.

In Google’s eyes, these pages are a shell of their former selves. The remnants of something useful that once existed, but no longer does. You should convert these into 404 pages, or start populating them with useful content.

Submitted URL dropped:

You submitted this page for indexing, but it was dropped from the index for an unspecified reason.

This issue ‘s description is pretty vague, so it’s hard to say with certainty what action you should take. Our best guess is that Google looked at your content, tried it out for a while, then decided to no longer include it.

Investigate the page and critique its overall quality. Is the page thin? Outdated? Inaccurate? Slow to load? Has it been neglected for years? Have your competitors put out something that’s infinitely better?

Try refreshing and improving the content, and secure a few new links to the page. It may lead to a re-indexation of the page.

Duplicate, Submitted URL not selected as canonical:

The URL is one of a set of duplicate URLs without an explicitly marked canonical page. You explicitly asked this URL to be indexed, but because it is a duplicate, and Google thinks that another URL is a better candidate for canonical, Google did not index this URL. Instead, we indexed the canonical that we selected.

Viewport not set

The page does not define a viewport property, which tells browsers how to adjust the page’s dimension and scaling to suit the screen size. Because visitors to your site use a variety of devices with varying screen sizes—from large desktop monitors, to tablets and small smartphones—your pages should specify a viewport using the meta viewport tag. 

The “viewport” is the technical way that your browser knows how to properly scale images and other elements of your website so that it looks great on all devices. Unless your HTML savvy, this will likely require the help of a developer. If you want to take a stab at it, this guide might be helpful.

Viewport not set to “device-width”

The page defines a fixed-width viewport property, which means that it can’t adjust for different screen sizes. To fix this error, adopt a responsive design for your site’s pages, and set the viewport to match the device’s width and scale accordingly.

In the early days of responsive-design, some developers preferred to tweak the website for mobile-experiences rather than making the website fully responsive. The fixed-width viewport is a great way to do this, but as more and more mobile devices enter the market, this solution is less appealing.

Google now favors responsive web experiences. If you’re seeing this issue, it’s likely that you’re frustrating some of your mobile users, and potentially losing out on some organic traffic. It may be time to call an agency or hire a developer to make your website responsive.

Content wider than screen

Horizontal scrolling is necessary to see words and images on the pageThis happens when pages use absolute values in CSS declarations, or use images designed to look best at a specific browser width (such as 980px). To fix this error, make sure the pages use relative width and position values for CSS elements, and make sure images can scale as well. 

This usually occurs when there is a single image or element on your page that isn’t sizing correctly for mobile devices. In WordPress, this can commonly occur when an image is given a caption or a plug-in is used to generate an element that isn’t native to your theme.

The easy way to fix this issue is to simply remove the image or element that is not sizing correctly on mobile devices. The correct way to fix it is to modify your code to make the element responsive.

Text too small to read

The font size for the page is too small to be legible and would require mobile visitors to “pinch to zoom” in order to read. After specifying a viewport for your web pages, set your font sizes to scale properly within the viewport.

Simply put, your website is too hard to read on mobile devices. To experience this first-hand, simply load the page in question on a smartphone and experience it first hand.

According to Google, a good rule of thumb is to have the page display no more than 70 to 80 characters (about 8-10 words) per line on a mobile device. If you’re seeing more than this, you should hire an agency or developer to modify your code.

How To Fix A Server error (5xx):

Your server returned a 500-level error when the page was requested.

A 500 error means that something has gone wrong with a website’s server that prevented it from fulfilling your request. In this case, something with your server prevented Google from loading the page.

First, check the page in your browser and see if you’re able to load it. If you can, there’s a good chance the issue has resolved itself, but you’ll want to confirm.

Email your IT team or hosting company and ask if the server has experienced any outages in recent days, or if there’s a configuration that might be blocking Googlebot and other crawlers from accessing the site.

How To Fix A Redirect error:

The URL was a redirect error. Could be one of the following types: it was a redirect chain that was too long; it was a redirect loop; the redirect URL eventually exceeded the max URL length; there was a bad or empty URL in the redirect chain.

This basically means your redirect doesn’t work. Go fix it!

A common scenario is that your primary URL has changed a few times, so there are redirects that redirect to redirects. Example: redirects to which then redirects to

Google has to crawl a ton of content, so it doesn’t like wasting time and effort crawling these types of links. Solve this by ensuring your redirect goes directly to the final URL, eliminating all steps in the middle.

Submitted URL blocked by robots.txt:

You submitted this page for indexing, but the page is blocked by robots.txt. Try testing your page using the robots.txt tester.

There is a line of code in your robots.txt file that tells Google it’s not allowed to crawl this page, even though you’ve asked Google to do just that by submitting it to be indexed. If you do actually want it to be indexed, find and remove the line from your robots.txt file.

If you don’t, check your sitemap.xml file to see if the URL in question is listed there. If it is, remove it. Sometimes WordPress plugins will sneak pages into your sitemap file that don’t belong.

Submitted URL marked ‘noindex’:

You submitted this page for indexing, but the page has a ‘noindex’ directive either in a meta tag or HTTP response. If you want this page to be indexed, you must remove the tag or HTTP response.

Submitted URL seems to be a Soft 404:

You submitted this page for indexing, but the server returned what seems to be a soft 404.

These are pages that look like they are broken to Google, but aren’t properly showing a 404 Not Found response. These tend to bubble up in two ways:

  1. You have a category page with no content within that category. It’s like an empty shelf at a grocery store.
  2. Your website’s theme is automatically creating pages that shouldn’t exist.

You should either convert these pages to proper 404 pages, redirect them to their new location, or populate them with some real content.

For more on this issue, be sure to read our in-depth guide to fixing Soft 404 errors.

Submitted URL returns unauthorized request (401):

You submitted this page for indexing, but Google got a 401 (not authorized) response. Either remove authorization requirements for this page, or else allow Googlebot to access your pages by verifying its identity.

This warning is usually triggered when Google attempts to crawl a page that is only accessible to a logged-in user. You don’t want Google wasting resources attempting to crawl these URLs, so you should try to find the location on your website where Google discovered the link, and remove it.

For this to be “submitted”, it would need to be included in your sitemap, so check there first.

Submitted URL not found (404):

You submitted a non-existent URL for indexing.

If you remove a page from your website but forget to remove it from your sitemap, you’re likely to see this error. This can be prevented from regular maintenance of your sitemap file.

Deep Dive Guide: For a closer look at how to fix this error, read our article about how to fix 404 errors on your website.

Submitted URL has crawl issue:

You submitted this page for indexing, and Google encountered an unspecified crawling error that doesn’t fall into any of the other reasons. Try debugging your page using the URL Inspection tool.

Indexed, though blocked by robots.txt:

The page was indexed, despite being blocked by robots.txt

Your robots.txt file is sort of like a traffic cop for search engines. It allows some crawlers to go through your site and blocks others. You can block crawlers at the domain level or on a page by page basis.

Unfortunately, this specific warning is something we see all the time. It usually happens when someone attempts to block a bad bot and puts in an overly strict rule.

Below is an example of a local music venue that we noticed was blocking all crawlers from accessing the site, including Google. Don’t worry, we let them know about it.

Submitted and indexed:

You submitted the URL for indexing, and it was indexed.

You wanted the page indexed, so you told Google about it, and they totally dug it. You got what you wanted, so go pour yourself a glass of champagne and celebrate!

Indexed, not submitted in sitemap:

The URL was discovered by Google and indexed.

Google found these pages and decided to index them, but you didn’t make it as easy as you could have. Google and other search engines prefer that you tell them about the content you want to have indexed by including them in a sitemap. Doing so can potentially increase the frequency in which Google crawls your content, which may translate into higher rankings and more traffic.

Indexed; consider marking as canonical:

The URL was indexed. Because it has duplicate URLs, we recommend explicitly marking this URL as canonical.

A duplicate URL is an example of a page that is accessible through multiple variations even though it is the same page. Common examples include when a page is accessible both with and without a backslash, or with a file extension at the end. Something like and, which both lead to the same page.

These are bad for SEO because it dilutes any authority a page accumulates through external backlinks between the two versions. It also forces a search engine to waste its resources crawling multiple URLs for a single page and can make your analytics reporting pretty messy as well.

A canonical tag is a single line in your HTML that tells search engines which version of the URL they should prioritize, and consolidates all link signals to that version. They can be extremely beneficial to have and should be considered.

Google Search Console Excluded URLs

These are the pages that Google discovered, but chose to not index. For the most part, these will be pages that you explicitly told Google not to index. Others are pages that you might actually want to have indexed, but Google chose to ignore them because they weren’t found to be valuable enough.

Status Russo-Ukrainian War

The Russo-Ukrainian War has been ongoing between Russia and Ukraine since February 2014. Hostilities were initiated by Russia shortly after Ukraine’s Revolution of Dignity and were focused on the political status of Crimea and the Donbas, which remain internationally recognized as part of Ukraine.

  • On 10 November 2021, the United States reported an unusual movement of Russian troops near the borders of Ukraine.By 28 November, Ukraine had reported a build-up of 92,000 Russian troops.
  • On 7 December 2021, US President Joe Biden warned President of Russia, Vladimir Putin of “strong economic and other measures” if Russia attacked Ukraine.
  • On 17 December 2021, Putin proposed a prohibition on Ukraine ever joining NATO, which Ukraine rejected.
  • On 17 January 2022, Russian troops began arriving in Russia’s ally Belarus, ostensibly “for military exercises”.
  • On 19 January 2022, the US gave Ukraine $200 million in security aid.
  • On 19 January 2022, Biden stated in a press conference: “Russia will be held accountable if it invades. And it depends on what it does.” Many critics of the US president felt this left the door open for President of Russia Vladimir Putin to invade.
  • On 24 January 2022, NATO put troops on standby.
  • On 25 January 2022, Russian exercises involving 6,000 troops and 60 jets took place in Russia near Ukraine and Crimea.
  • February 2022
  • On 10 February 2022, Russia and Belarus began 10 days of military maneuvers.
  • On 17 February 2022, fighting escalated in separatist regions of eastern Ukraine.
  • 21 February
  • Putin announced Russian recognition of two pro-Russian breakaway regions in eastern Ukraine (the Donetsk People’s Republic and the Luhansk People’s Republic). This announcement led to the first round of economic sanctions from NATO countries the following day.

In his televised “address concerning the events in Ukraine” before the announcement, Putin stated his belief that Vladimir Lenin was the “author and architect” of Ukraine and labeled Ukrainians who have taken down Lenin’s monuments “ungrateful descendants”, saying “This is what they call decommunization. Do you want decommunization? Well, that suits us just fine. But it is unnecessary, as they say, to stop halfway. We are ready to show you what real decommunization means for Ukraine.”


Toapekong (Da Bo Gong / 大伯公)

Dewa Tua Pek Kong (Hanzi : 大伯公; pinyin : Dàbó Gōng) merupakan salah satu Dewa Taoisme dalam kepercayaan masyarakat Tionghoa perantauan di Malaysia dan Indonesia.

Namanya sendiri memiliki beragam sebutan. Orang Hakka menyebutnya Thai phak kong, orang Hokkian memanggilnya Tua peh kong, sementara orang Kanton mengejanya Daai baak gung.

Di Indonesia sendiri, masyarakat Tionghoa sering disebutnya sebagai Toa PekongToapekong, atau Topekong, yang secara harafiah berarti “Paman Agung”).

Dalam dialek Hokkian, Toa/Tua sendiri memiliki arti “yang paling besar, atau yang tertua”. Sementara Pek sendiri memiliki arti “paman, atau kakak“. Lalu Gong sendiri memiliki arti “kakek”.

Jadi, pengertian Da Bo Gong (atau Toa Pek Kong) secara keseluruhan adalah “Kakak Tertua dari Kakek, atau Paman Buyut”. Sebutan tersebut merupakan sebutan paling terhormat, karena kultur masyarakat Tiongkok sangat menghormati orang2 yang lebih tua.

Tua Pek Kong sendiri dianggap sebagai “Dewa Kemakmuran”. Menurut kisah hidupnya, beliau merupakan seorang pelaut dari wilayah Fujian Tiongkok, yang mengorbankan dirinya untuk umat manusia.

Beliau juga dipercaya sebagai reinkarnasi Dewa “Fu” dari trio Dewa Fu Lu Shou 福祿壽, yang mewakili “Kemakmuran, Keberuntungan, dan Umur Panjang”.

Berikut riwayat hidup Toa Pek Kong :

Terdapat beberapa versi sejarah tentang kehidupan Toa Pek Kong sebelum diangkat menjadi Dewa.

Versi pertama menyebutkan bahwa Beliau adalah seorang pelaut dari propinsi Fujian, yang memperoleh mimpi bahwa suatu ketika di tengah laut terdapat seseorang yang mengapung dalam kondisi keracunan. Ia menemukan orang tersebut, lalu menyedot racun dari mulut korban sehingga selamat, namun dirinya sendiri meninggal.

Masyarakat kemudian memujanya, untuk mengenang keberanian serta pengorbanannya.

Versi kedua menyebutkan bahwa Beliau adalah seorang pelajar Fujian yang lari ke wilayah Malaya (saat ini Malaysia) pada masa dinasti Qing, tepatnya pada pemerintahan Kaisar Qianlong 乾隆帝 (1736-1790). Ia digambarkan sebagai pria yang jujur, berbudi, ramah, dan memiliki jenggot yang panjang.

Tua Pek Kong adalah seorang pria bernama Zhang Li (张理) yang berasal dari suku Hakka. Suatu ketika hendak menuju wilayah Sumatra, perahunya dilanda angin yang kuat, dan secara tidak sengaja mendarat di pulau Penang di Malaysia, yang ketika itu baru dihuni sekitar puluhan penduduk saja.

Beliau diyakini telah tiba di pulau itu 40 tahun lebih awal dari Francis Light (seorang penjelajah dan pendiri koloni Inggris di Penang, pada tahun 1746). Pasca kematiannya, penduduk setempat mulai memujanya dan membangun Kuil Tua Pek Kong di sana.

Ia dimakamkan di belakang pulau Mutiara kuil Tua Pek Kong (Sea Pearl Island) di Tanjung Tokong. Kisah Tua Pek Kong pertama di Penang menunjukkan tradisi persaudaraan tersumpah, diantara sesama perantauan orang2 Tiongkok :

Zhang Li (张理) tinggal di komunitas nelayan kecil sebagai guru. Dia dikenal karena kebaikan dan keramahannya, sehingga penduduk desa setempat selalu mencarinya untuk meminta bantuan dan bimbingan ketika mereka memiliki masalah.

Menurut catatan, 2 orang yang menjadi saudara lelakinya yang disumpah, yakni Chiu Hsiao Ching, pembuat arang, dan Ma Fu Choon, seorang pandai besi.

Karena Ia adalah anak tertua, Ia biasa dipanggil oleh anak-anak muda di desa itu dengan sebutan Tua Pek (dialek Hokkian). Dalam dialek Hokkian, Toa/Tua sendiri memiliki arti “yang paling besar, atau yang tertua”. Sementara Pek sendiri memiliki arti “paman, atau kakak“.

Sebutan tersebut merupakan sebutan paling terhormat, karena kultur masyarakat Tiongkok menghormati orang2 yang lebih tua. Mereka ber-3 tampak sangat dekat satu sama lain. Ketika pekerjaan di hari itu selesai, mereka selalu bertemu satu sama lain di satu tempat favorit mereka di desa.

Suatu hari, Chiu dan Ma, seperti biasa pergi menemui saudara tertua yang mereka segani, tetapi terkejut ketika menemukan dia duduk tidak bergerak di samping batu besar. Mereka mencoba membangunkannya, tetapi kemudian segera menyadari, bahwa sesepuh yang mereka hormati itu telah meninggal dunia.

Perasaan sedih membanjiri seisi penghuni desa, yang kemudian ikut membantu menguburnya tak jauh dari batu besar itu. Lalu ketika Chiu dan Ma meninggal, mereka juga dimakamkan di sana, di samping saudara tertua mereka yang disumpah.

Saat ini, kuburan ketiganya masih dapat ditemukan tepat di belakang kuil Sea Pearl Island Tua Pek Kong, Penang, Malaysia.

Sejak saat itu, masyarakat kemudian membangun sebuah kuil untuknya, dan menyembahnya sebagai seorang Dewa oleh masyarakat Tionghoa peranakan di Malaysia. Kepercayaannya kemudian menyebar hingga ke wilayah timur Malaysia, Singapore dan Indonesia.

Kuil Pagoda Tua Pek Kong di Sibu, Malaysia

Beliau dipercaya sebagai Dewa yang melindungi keselamatan para pelaut dalam pelayaran, yang dikenal luas di wilayah Malaya dan Indonesia.

Beliau juga dipuja oleh para buruh imigran Tiongkok (dinasti Qing) yang bekerja di perkebunan lada di Semenanjung Malaya, sekitar awal tahun 1800-an, dikarenakan banyak yang meninggal akibat malaria serta penyakit iklim tropis lainnya.

Namun masyarakat Tionghoa sendiri juga menganggap Toa Pek Kong sebagai Dewa perdagangan dan kekayaan (rezeki). karena melindungi para pekerja dari sakit dan kecelakaan, sehingga mereka dapat fokus untuk bekerja mencari kekayaan; serta akan memberkahi orang2 yang berhati baik.

Di Sarawak – Malaysia Timur, ada sekitar 76 kuil Tua Pek Kong yang tersebar disana. Di Batam, Indonesia, Kuil Tua Pek Kong yang paling terkenal terletak di Nagoya (Lubuk Baja).

Menurut penulis, Dewa Tua Pek Kong sendiri dapat dianggap seperti “Dewa Lokalnya” masyarakat Tionghoa di wilayah Malaya (Malaysia). Ini halnya seperti Dewa Wong Tai Sin (黄大仙; Huang Daxian) di Hongkong.

Karena kesamaan fisiknya juga (visualisasi), masyarakat Tionghoa sendiri sering keliru dalam membedakan, antara Tua Pek Kong dan Tu Di Gong.

Backup And Restore Database MySQL All Schema Data Routine Trigger Specific Database

It is necessary to make a backup of the database before reinstalling the server or just in case something unexpected happens. We can actually do backups through Phpmyadmin by exporting all databases. But what if we haven’t installed Phpmyadmin on the Server?

How to Backup All Databases

1. Backup Schema and Data

mysqldump -u username -p --all-databases > backup.sql
mysqldump -u username -p -A > backup.sql

2. Backup only the Schemas

mysqldump -u username -p --all-databases --no-data > backup_schema.sql
mysqldump -u username -p -A -d > backup_schema.sql

3. Backup by Remote Server

mysqldump -u root -h -p -A > backup.sql

4. Backup Routines

mysqldump -u username -p db_name --routines > backup_routinetrigger.sql
mysqldump -u username -p db_name -R > backup_routinetrigger.sql

5. Backup Routines and Triggers

mysqldump -u username -p db_name --routines --triggers > backup_routinetrigger.sql

6. Backup Specific Database

mysqldump -u username -p --database db_name > backup_db_name.sql
mysqldump -u username -p db_name > backup_db_name.sql

7. Backup Specific Table in Specific Database

mysqldump -u username -p --database db_name table_name > backup_db_name_table_name.sql
mysqldump -u username -p db_name table_name > backup_db_name_table_name.sql

How To Restore Database

8. Restore all Databases

mysql -u username -p < backup.sql

9. Restore one database

mysql -u username -p db_name < backup_db_name.sql

10. Manual command line for mysql

man mysqldump
man mysql

11. References

Thomas Shelby Business Money Supreme Tag

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